Montjuïc mountain (Jewish mountain) has been, throughout its history, the protagonist of many events, some glorious and victorious, others less so. As a result, this emblematic mountain offers the visitor many different facets, including history, culture, leisure and sport.
The historical symbol and oldest monument (end of the 17th century) is the Castell de Montjuïc (Castle), from where there are beautiful views of the city. The castle, which now houses the Museu Militar , has been, in part, a symbol of oppression oven the centuries, as it was used to torture and execute the leaders of the Setmana Tràgica in 1909 and Lluís Companys, president of the Generalitat de Catalunya in 1940, among others.
The world fair of 1929 transformed the city, in the same way that the Olympic Games did in 1992. Examples of this transformation are the Pl. d'Espanya itself with its Venetian Towers; Av. de Maria Cristina (restored in 1985); the Palau de Victòria Eugènia and the Palau de Alfons XIII , both from 1923; the pavelló Mies van der Rohe ; the Palau Nacional , from 1929, which houses the Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya ; the Palauet Albéniz ; the Museu Arqueològic ; the Teatre Grec , etc.
However, the most outstanding construction and still today an important tourist attraction is the Poble Espanyol (Spanish village), an area which evokes some of the most important monuments of Spain, such as for example the towers of Ávila. Moreover, the offer of restaurants and entertainment makes it an ideal place for dinner or drinks at night.
More recent are the Fundació Joan Miró , from 1975, containing a permanent collection by this great Catalan artist and other temporary exhibitions, and the parc d'atraccions, from 1966 (now closed).
The last transformation of Montjuïc was for the Olympic Games in 1992, with the stadium, the swimming pools, the Palau Sant Jordi and other facilities ( Anella Olímpica ). The Estadi Olímpic de Montjuïc , although inaugurated in 1929, was completely restored (only the façade remained). There you can also see the Galería Olímpica , where you can relive the Games.
The Palau Sant Jordi , with a capacity of 17,000, is one of the most spectacular monuments left by the Olympics. Also, not too far away, you can see the Torre de Calatrava , which undoubtedly identifies the Barcelona of 92, thanks to its design.
Although you can get to Montjuïc with the number 61 bus from Pl. d'Espanya, your best bet is the Transbordador Aèri , which offers spectacular views of Barcelona from the air. You can also take the funicular from Paral.lel and the teleférico which goes all the way to the castle. From Pl. d'Espanya to the Columbus statue runs Avenida del Paral.lel, inaugurated in 1894, which became famous as a synonym of entertainment, the Montmartre of Barcelona. Here you will find the Molino (a music hall), and several other theatres.